How to Grow Scallions (Green Onions)

Scallions, also known as green onions, are a versatile vegetable that can be used in a variety of dishes. They are easy to grow and require minimal care, making them a great choice for both experienced and novice gardeners. In this article, we will discuss the planting instructions, watering requirements, fertilizing tips, pest and disease management, harvesting instructions, storage tips, top varieties to grow, and recipe ideas for scallions.

Planting Instructions: Scallions can be planted in early spring as soon as the soil is workable. They prefer well-drained, fertile soil that is rich in organic matter. Scallions require full sun to partial shade, and they should be planted in an area that receives at least six hours of sunlight each day. To plant scallions, sow seeds 1/4 inch deep and 1 inch apart in rows that are spaced 12 inches apart. Alternatively, you can plant scallion sets or transplants 2-3 inches apart in rows that are spaced 12 inches apart.

Watering Requirements: Scallions require consistent moisture to grow properly, but they should not be overwatered. They prefer a soil that is kept consistently moist but not waterlogged. Water the plants deeply once or twice a week, depending on the weather and soil conditions.

Fertilizing Tips: Scallions do not require heavy fertilization, but they will benefit from a light application of balanced fertilizer once a month. Alternatively, you can incorporate compost or aged manure into the soil before planting to provide nutrients.

Pest and Disease Management: Scallions are relatively pest and disease resistant, but they can be susceptible to onion thrips and root maggots. To control thrips, you can use insecticidal soap or neem oil. To control root maggots, rotate crops and use row covers to prevent infestation.

Harvesting Instructions: Scallions can be harvested when they are young and tender, usually around 60 days after planting. To harvest, pull up the entire plant or cut the leaves off at the base. Alternatively, you can harvest individual leaves as needed, leaving the plant to continue growing.

Storage Tips: Scallions can be stored in the refrigerator for up to a week. To store, wrap the scallions in a damp paper towel and place them in a plastic bag.

Top Varieties to Grow: Some of the top varieties of scallions to grow include Evergreen Hardy White, White Lisbon, and Ishikura Long White.

Recipe Ideas: Scallions can be used in a variety of dishes, including stir-fries, soups, salads, and more. Some recipe ideas for scallions include grilled scallions with lemon and olive oil, scallion pancakes, and sesame ginger scallion sauce.